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American foreign policy

Dissertation guidelines:The dissertation involves independent study on a topic of your own design. The dissertation is a 5000-7000 word project intended to give you an opportunity to pursue a piece of independent research, in which you can define your topic, work out your research plan, prepare your bibliography and write up your findings. It involves challenging individual work on a subject which you define for yourself and upon which you become expert. The dissertation should make use of primary sources where available and appropriate. These may be available as original materials or in published form. What constitutes a primary source may vary by discipline and can be broadly defined. Primary sources can include historical sources, usually contemporary with the events discussed or based on first-hand experience of the events. For a dissertation in literature these will clearly include the works of an author. For films, culture or music, primary sources would be the basic ingredients of a subject, for example, the music of a specific popular singer or composer, video/film footage or cultural artefacts.Question:What has influenced the United States foreign policy on humanitarian intervention in cases of genocide in the post cold war period? Use Rwanda as a case study or others case like Kosovo, Darfur, Bosnia, Haiti, SomaliaIntroductionThis dissertation examines the factors that influence the US policy on intervening in cases of genocide abroad. The working hypothesis for this dissertation is that the US is more likely to intervene in cases of genocide abroad dependent on the following:1- The presence of sufficiently strong political, security & economic interests and whether or bot the crisis is perceived as being in the national interest – the more US political and economic interests are at stake the more likely that the US government is likely to intervene2- A cost/benefit analysis potential costs, benefits, and probability success of humanitarian interventions -The less the risk of loss of US lives or likelihood of causalities the more likely is the US government to intervene.3- The location of the crisis or the race/ethnicity of the endangered population – the more distant the crisis the less likely the US will intervene4- The more the crisis is defined as genocide the more likely the US leaders are to favour military intervention.5- Support by the media and general public – the more the media and public support the crisis the more likely the government is likely to intervene.This paper will argue that decisions by policy makers to support intervention are dependent on ‘framing’ and political leaders in order to gain public support for their actions need to appropriately “frame” the above variables.This dissertation will focus on the 1994 crisis in Rwanda as a case study. The Rwanda case was selected for this study as it is considered by many to be the first unequivocal instance of genocide since the Holocaust. This is crisis is regarded as the first explicitly known genocide in the post cold war, resulted in at least a million lives lost in war between the Hutu and the Tutsi tribes, and culminated in the largest known case of ethnic cleansing since World War II. This paper will explore U.S. policies during the crisis to examine why and how the Clinton administration chose not to intervene militarily to stop the violence. using the concept of ‘Framing’ the paper will argue that if the above variables are framed as gains they will encourage intervention and positive risk taking, whereas those that to framed as a concern with will make policy makers more cautious.