2. At least six pages of typed text, double-spaced, Times New Roman 12-point font, with standard one-inch margins. Images, diagrams, graphs and charts, and the works cited page, while allowed and helpful to explain the topic, do not count as part of this text requirement.
3. Proper use of in-text citations.
4. A works-cited page with at least five hard references (see below), which are actually used in the paper. You should emphasize primary research articles.
5. A glossary of all clinical or biological terms used in the paper, with their definitions.
1. Etiology and normal physiology:
What is the cause of the disease?
Who does the disease affect, how many people in U.S. or worldwide?
Is there a particular group more affected? If so, why?
How does the organ or tissue normally work?
How (on molecular or cellular level) does the disease happen?
What homeostatic system is disrupted (imbalanced) when this disease strikes?
2. Risk factors if any:
3. Symptoms and Signs:
What are different modalities or methods used to make diagnosis?
Is there any differential diagnosis?
What are the methods used to treat someone with this condition?
Be specific about treatment options and how they help the patient.
What is the mechanism by which the treatment effects relief or reverses symptoms?
What side-effects are there, from the treatment?
What are some other complications of treatment?
7. Current research and prospects:
What are the latest findings in our understanding of the disease?
What prospects are there for a complete cure of the condition in the future?
Discuss specific research (in detail here) being done in this area, and what findings there are.
Summarize your paper.
What did you find most significant or important about the disease?
What surprised you about the condition?
Any information cited in your paper which is not 100% your own original material must include an in-text citation to indicate who the source of that information was. Use MLA format to do this (see helpful websites at end). Each citation should connect to one of the full references listed on your works-cited page. An example follows:
Many studies have shown that heart disease risk is greater in women taking Depo-Provera, than in women not on oral birth control medications. (Bradley 231; Riley & Dunn 12)
This statement, written in your own words (paraphrased), is clearly not common knowledge, and so must include an in-text citation. At the end of each line or paragraph in which you use outside information, you would cite the author(s) whose work contributed to your statement, and the page number of the reference where you found that information. Note that this means that most lines in your paper will need an in-text citation.
When examining your works-cited page, the reader should be able to locate exactly which reference you used (complete journal title, article title, authors, date, publishers, pages, etc.), to find the actual primary resource.
Works Cited Page:
There must be at least five hard, substantive references, listed on a works-cited page at the end of the paper. You can count your textbook as one of these five references. Websites can only be counted if they are posting an article that also appears in physical form in a scientific/medical publication or newspaper.
Of these five references, at least three must be primary research articles. These are scholarly reports of studies and experiments, and generally are organized in the following way: Abstract, Introduction, Methods/Materials, Results, Conclusions, Discussion. They are not Reviews, or summaries of someone elses studies, but are original reports of scientists doing the study.
Any references beyond the five minimums should also be listed, and can be from any source (including internet-only sources).